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Delta Counties

MISSISSIPPI ALLUVIAL VALLEY COUNTIES

 

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Mississippi

 

MISSISSIPPI

COUNTY-BY-COUNTY GUIDE

 The Mississippi portion of the Delta is comprised of all of 9 counties (Bolivar, Coahoma, Humphreys, Issaquena, Quitman, Sharkey, Sunflower, Tunica, and Washington) and parts of 5 others (Desoto, Leflore, Panola, Tallahatchie and Yazoo).

 

Bolivar 

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Coahoma

Setting: Coahoma County is one of the leading counties in the Delta region. The landscape is still dominated by cotton: cotton fields, cotton gins, the cottonseed oil mill and the old cotton compress in Clarksdale.

Surface Waters: Moon Lake and Yazoo Pass was the site of a Civil War maneuver, Grant’s attempt to take Vickburg from behind.

Origin:

County Seat/Court Houses: Clarksdale

Main Towns: Dublin, Friar’s Point, Jonestown, Lula, Lyon, Moon Lake, Rich

Other Settlements: Bobo, Claremont, Clover Hill, Counts Spur, Dickerson, Eagles Nest, Farrell, King and Anderson, Mattson, Rena Laura, Dublin, Roundaway, Rudyard, Sherard, Stovall

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Leading Businesses: KBH implement manufacturers

Shopping: Walmart, downtown Clarksdale

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Restaurants: Chamoun’s Resthaven, Abraham’s Abe’s Bar-be-que.

Clubs:

Annual Events: Sunflower River Blues and Gospel Festival, early August.

Museums: Delta Blues Museum in Clarksdale.

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Other Noteworthy: Hopson Plantation, Alcorn Brake

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DeSoto

Setting: DeSoto County lies in far northwest Mississippi, partly in the Hills and partly in the Delta, and just south of Memphis. Driving south from Memphis on US Highway 61, you top the loess bluffs and the alluvial plain opens and widens. There are other great bluff-top views on Highway 302 and Star Landing Road. The county now has gambling facilities at Lake Cormorant and Highway 61 is now lined with giant billboards.

Surface Waters: Arkabutla Lake on the Coldwater River, Horn Lake Creek, Camp Creek, Hurricane Creek…

Origin:

County Seat/Court Houses: Hernando

Main Towns: Eudora, Horn Lake, Lake Cormorant, Mineral Wells, Olive Branch, Nesbit, Southhaven, Walls.

Other Settlements: Cockrum, Frees Corner, Horn Lake, Lewisburg, Lynchburg.

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Economic Statistics: DeSoto County is one of the fastest growing areas of the state. Interstate 55 and US Highway 78…

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Public Lands: US Corps of Engineers Arkabutla Lake (north bank)

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Humphreys 

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Issaquena 

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Leflore 

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Panola 

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Quitman 

Setting: Quitman County lies along the east or backwater side of the Delta. The land is low and gently rolling, with large low-lying flats with bottomland hardwoods. Much of the surface of the county is cleared for cropland; much more land has recently been taken out of production and is being returned to forest.

Surface Waters: Much of Quitman County was formerly subject to annual flooding; there are still occasional localized floods in the winter and spring months, especially in the southeast corner of the county. The Coldwater River meets the just-combined old Tallahatchie and old Yokona rivers between Lambert and Crowder. All three of these main rivers have been highly modified by channelization (Pompey Ditch cuts off much of The Coldwater, the Panola-Quitman Floodway carries the flow of the Tallahatchie/Yokona system near the foot of the bluff and south into Tallahatchie County). Other main streams include Bear Lake, Bobo Bayou, Burrell Bayou, Cassidy Bayou, Davie Bayou, Hope Bayou, Hopson Bayou, Indian Creek, Opossum Bayou, Pecan Bayou, Squirrel Lake, South Lake, Whiting Brake.

Origin: Quitman County was formed in 187--- from parts of Coahoma, Panola and Tunica counties. The county is named for Mexican war General ----Quitman.

County Seat/Court Houses: Marks.

Main Towns: Belen (original seat), Crowder, Darling, Falcon, Lambert, Sledge, Vance.

Other Settlements: Barksdale, Birdie, Bobo, part of Crenshaw, Denton, Essex, Hinchcliff, Longstreet, Sabino, Walnut.

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Shopping: There are a few stores remaining in the small towns, but most available services are located in Marks.

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Public Lands: O’Keefe Wildlife Management area south of Lambert, Tallahatchie Wildlife Management area south of Crowder. There is a small public roadside park in Marks at the Highway3/Highway 6 intersection.

Other Noteworthy: 155 howitzer on courthouse lawn…

Famous Residents: Country music singer Charley Pride came from Sledge.

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Sharkey 

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Sunflower 

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Tallahatchie 

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Tunica 

Setting: Tunica County lies in the plantation country of the north Delta. Cotton, rice, soybeans and catfish have long dominated the economy and lifestyle of the people: Tunica County has always been a predominantly Black county. Today the leading industries are the casinos. Most of the county is cleared, level cropland. There are dense riverine forests inside the levee and scattered patches of bottomland hardwoods in the lowest flats.

 

Surface Waters: The western boundary of Tunica County is the Mississippi River, and the eastern, the Coldwater River which winds along the foot of the bluff. There are numerous oxbow lakes and meandering bayous, backwaters and smaller sloughs such as Ark Bayou, Beaverdam Lake and Bayou, Buck Island Bayou, Flower Lake, Jack Lake Bayou, Sevenmile Bayou, Sixmile Lake, Walnut Lake, and White Oak Bayou. A few parts of the county (Midway Lake and Whiskey Island/old Walnut Bend), now lie west of the Mississippi and can be reached from Lee County, Arkansas.

 

Origin: Tunica County has some of the oldest-settled areas in the Delta…

 

County Seat/Court Houses: Tunica.

 

Main Towns: Dundee, Evansville, Hollywood, Robinsonville

 

Other Settlements: Austin (site of first county seat), Banks, Beaver Dam, Dubbs, Flea Harbor, Little Texas, Maud, Prichard, Tibbs, Walnut Lake

 

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Leading Businesses: casinos, agriculture

Shopping: antique stores

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Restaurants: Blue and White

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Annual Events: Battle Arena?

Museums: what it called?

Historic Sites: Old Tunica Downtown, half-abandoned towns along Old US Highway 61

Public Lands: none?

Other Noteworthy: The Cutoff, old river landings, Nash Buckingham, catfish ponds

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 Washington 

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Yazoo 

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Contact: Mary Evelyn Starr
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  Phone (662) 444-5254

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Better a cruel truth than a comfortable delusion. There is a kind of poetry in simple fact.
The world is older and bigger than we are. This is a hard truth for some people to swallow.
Edward Abby Vox Clamantis in Deserto 1989

 

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Last modified: 11 March 2012