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This section provides views and descriptions of Mississippian artifacts from the Central Mississippi Valley. I discuss problems in studies of ceramics from four sites in Mississippi and Arkansas (pottery jars, bowls and  painted bottles), lithics (stone tools) from Tennessee and Mississippi, and plans of the prehistoric architecture. Here I also list my presentations and publications on my Mississippian research.





Central Valley ceramics

bulletCentral Mississippi Valley Prehistoric Architecture and comparisons to surrounding regions

"Mississippian Architecture in the Central Mississippi Valley (1999 Southeastern Archaeological Conference, Pensacola, Florida) 

"Putting the Late Prehistoric Architecture of the Central Mississippi Valley in a Mid-Continental Perspective" (2000 MidSouth Archaeological Conference, Memphis)

bulletUpper Yazoo Basin Late Prehistoric/Protohistoric

"Late Prehistoric Chronology in the Central Mississippi River Valley" (1997 Southeastern Archaeological Conference, Baton Rouge, Louisiana)

bulletQuapaw origins: the Menard (Arkansas County, Arkansas) and Humber and Oliver (Coahoma County, Mississippi) Protohistoric complexes

"The Problem of Quapaw Origins: The View from the East Bank" (papers in honor of P.K. Galloway at the 2000 Southeastern Archaeological Conference, Macon, Georgia)

"Oliver and Menard: Protohistoric Occupation in the Delta" (1999 Mississippi Archaeological Association annual meeting, Natchez)

"Rediscovering the Menard-Hodges Site," with J. H. House and L. Stewart-Abernathy (1998 Southeastern Archaeological Conference, Greenville, South Carolina)

"Rediscovering the Menard-Hodges Site" with J.H. House and L.C. Stewart-Abernathy (1999 Mississippi Archaeology 32-2)

"Humber and Oliver: Two Contact Period Sites in the Yazoo Basin" (1998 Arkansas Archeological Society annual meeting, Cambden) 

"Mississippian 'Coffin' Burial" (1999 note in Arkansas Archeological Society Fieldnotes 286) 

"The Northern Periphery Controlled Surface Collections at Menard-Hodges, 2AR4" (1998 note in Arkansas Archeological Society Fieldnotes 285)

"The Oliver Site (22-Co-503) Vessel Assemblage" (1992 Southeastern Archaeological Conference, Little Rock, Arkansas)

"Preliminary Report on Ceramic Vessels from the 1991 Oliver Salvage" (1992 Mississippi Archaeology 27-2)

bulletLimited investigations at Walls phase sites (Late Mississippian mound groups in Shelby County, Tennessee and DeSoto County, Mississippi

"DeSoto Park Mounds (40SY5): Late Woodland, Mississippian and Federal Army Occupation on the Memphis Bluffs," with B.R. Collins and J. Wall (1999 Southeastern Archaeological Conference, Pensacola, Florida) 

"Recent Investigations at the Irby Site," with J.C. Brandon (1998 MidSouth Archaeological Conference, Memphis) 

"A Cultural Resources Survey of the Frank C. Pidgeon Industrial Park, Shelby County, Tennessee" (1994 report submitted to Oakley, Chester, Rike by Garrow and Associates, Inc.)

bulletData from throughout the history of sponsored surveys and testing projects from the Central Mississippi Valley

"CRM's Contributions to Mississippian Studies in the Southern Central Mississippi Valley" (papers in honor of C.H. McNutt at the 1998 MidSouth Archaeological Conference, Memphis)

bulletLate Prehistory, Arkansas River-White River basin  (Phillips County and Monroe County, Arkansas)

"Palmer and Lewis at Menard and Indian Bay: The Smithsonian Institution Collections" (1997 Arkansas Archeological Society annual meeting, Little Rock)

"Mississippian Occupation of Phillips County, Arkansas" (1996 MidSouth Archaeological Conference, Memphis)

"The Mississippian Archaeology of Phillips County, Arkansas: Ellis Mound and Other Components " (in 1997 "Results of Recent Archaeological Investigations in the Greater MidSouth: Proceedings of the 17th Mid-South Archaeological Conference, edited by C.H. McNutt, University of Memphis Anthropological Research Center Occasional Paper 18)

"Archaeological Investigations at Helena Slackwater Harbor, Phillips County, Arkansas," (1995 report submitted to the Memphis District, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, by Garrow and Associates, Inc.)

"The Late Prehistoric Archaeology of Phillips County: Address to the Phillips County Historical Society, Helena, Arkansas, July 27, 1997" (1997 Phillips County Historical Review 35)

bulletMSU field school salvage of mounds (Sunflower County, Mississippi) and Parchman ceramic phase (Upper Yazoo-Sunflower basin) surface collections

"The Powell Bayou Site: Part I" (1991 Mississippi Archaeology 26-1) and "Powell Bayou (Part II) and Dockery: Two Mississippian Components in the Sunflower Basin of Mississippi" (1997 Mississippi Archaeology 32-2)

"Parchman Phase Ceramics" (1984 Mississippi Archaeological Society annual meeting)

"The Parchman Phase in the Northern Yazoo Basin: A Preliminary Analysis" (1984 appendix to The Wilsford Site (22-Co-510) Coahoma County, Mississippi, by J.M. Connaway, Mississippi Department of Archives and History Archaeological Report 14)

bullet1999 Notes on Mississippi Collections at the Smithsonian Institution Museum of Natural History Anthropological Collections


Coldwater River, Quitman Co. MS, Mississippian Mounds


New Mound. June 2007

Posey Place.

Marks Cemetery. June 2007



Shady Grove (22Qu525). June 2007


Allen Chapel Cemetery (22Qu551). June 2007

 Starr, Mary Evelyn, 2005, Cultural Resources Survey of Proposed Water Line Extensions, Coldwater and Tallahatchie Rivers, Quitman County, Mississippi. Report for South Quitman Utility Association, Inc. Marks, and Evans Engineering, PA, Clarksdale. Report by Mary Evelyn Starr


22-Qu-551, Allen Chapel Mound. This medium-sided rectangular Mississippian mound is also the site on a 20th century cemetery. A church is shown on the site, southwest of the mound in 1931/32, 1942, and 1961/62. The cemetery is first designated as such on the 1961/62 quadrangle. There is some shell on the surface of the lower flanks of the mound, as well as abundant daub. Most of the material noted recovered dates to the Mississippi period, probably the Late Mississippi period ca. 1400-1500. There is also a minor Woodland component.. Refined earthenware, brick and flue/drain tile was also noted in limited quantities around the mound; this is probably debris from the church. This is a significant site due to the well-preserved Mississippian mound. The proposed right of way for the water line runs east of the mound. Work in the vicinity should be conducted in such a way as to keep the impact within the existing zone of disturbance along the paved road, due to the potential for encountering prehistoric or historic human remains.

 Mound surface and vicinity (n=47)

            Mulberry Creek Cordmarked--1

            Baytown Plain--1

            Mississippi Plain—11

            Leland Incised?—1,interior and exterior, fineline, curvilinear


            Deer bone/tooth--3



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Contact: Mary Evelyn Starr
  Box 39, Sledge MS 38670
  Phone (662) 444-5254

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